The 5 associate partners will complement our expertise and actively participate in most of the proposed activities. Partners from USA (GU, MIT) will share their insight into the US system of higher education. The private sector associates FA and ARESIS are SME companies offering a different perspective and insight into functioning of spin-off companies. UZH is an active participant who was initially included as a full member but appears as a partner due to formal reasons. They will provide external funding for ESR16 and will be fully integrated in the network. All partner organizations will host ESR secondments or research visits. As visiting scientists at NANOTRANS nodes, they will collaborate on joint projects and offer seminars and specialized mini courses.